2019中考英語55組音近、形更近單詞匯總!

1.

abroad 到國外 go abroad

board 板 on board


2.

across   介詞,表面穿過 walk across the road

cross   動詞 cross the road

through   介詞,空間穿過 go through the window

past   介詞,經過 walk past the post office

pass   動詞 pass the test


3.  

alive   活著的 I am still alive.

live   現場直播 is covered live

       居住 live in the city

lively   活潑的 make his class lively and interesting

living   make a living/ a living room


4.  

lonely 孤獨 feel lonely

alone 獨自 live alone

along 沿著 walk along the street


5.

asleep 睡著的 fall asleep

sleepy 困倦的feel sleepy


6.  

fall 落下,倒 fall down

fell fall的過去式 (fall—fell---fallen)

feel 覺得 feel sleepy/tired---過去式felt


7.

badly—worse

Jim acted badly, but Tom did worse.

well—better

He plays football well and his father does better.


8.  

boring, interesting, exciting, tiring…

修飾物 an interesting story

bored, interested, excited, tired…

修飾人 feel bored


9.

borrow 借進(以句子主語為參照物)

May I borrow your pen?

lend 借出(以句子主語為參照物)

Could you lend me some money?

keep 借一段時間

How long can I keep the magazine?


10.

both 兩者都 Both of his parents are workers.

all 三者以上都 All of my classmates are from China.

neither 兩者都不 Neither of my hands is clean.

none 沒有一個(三者及以上)None of the   four apples is/are red.

nothing 什么都沒有 There's nothing in the fridge.





11.

care:take care of

careful 形,仔細的be careful with fire

carefully 副,仔細地 listen carefully

careless 形,粗心的 a careless student

carelessly 副,粗心地drive carelessly

carelessness 名,粗心 Your carelessness led to the mistake.


12.

take 帶走(以說話者為中心)remember to take a raincoat

bring 帶來(以說話者為中心)bring your book here

carry 拿,無方向 Could you help me carry the books?


13.

close 動詞,關閉 close the door

         形,親密的 my closest friend

closed 形,關著的 keep the door closed


14.

closely 副,密切地 work closely with us


15.

brave 形,勇敢的

He is brave enough to save the old man.

courage 名,勇氣

have the courage to tell him the bad news

bravely 副,勇敢地

face the difficulties bravely


16.

dead 形,死的 have been dead

die 動,死亡 die of hunger

death 名,死亡 the death of his pet makes him so sad.


17.

especially 副,尤其 He is good at all subjects, especially maths.

specially 副,專門 The pen is specially designed for the boy.

special 形,特殊的 a special day


18.

except 除了

All the students except Tom will go for a school trip.

expect 期待

You are expected to bring it back when you return.


19.

excited 形,激動的,修飾人feel excited

exciting 形,激動人心的,修飾物 an exciting film

excitedly 副,修飾人 shouted excitedly

excitement 名shout with excitement


20.

a little 一些,修飾不可數名詞   a little money

a few 一些,修飾可數名詞 a few trees

little 幾乎沒有,修飾不可數名詞 There's little water in the glass, is it?

few 幾乎沒有,修飾可數名詞 so few students


21.

form 形成 form a good reading habit

from 從……


22.

France 法國/ French 法語

German 德國的/ Germany 德國


23.

hard 努力 work hard

hardly 幾乎不 The boy   hardly does his homework.


24.

healthy 健康的   keep healthy

health 健康 it's good for your health

healthily 健康地 eat healthily


25.

if 如果 主將從現 If he comes, I'll call you.

   是否 I don't know if he will come here.

whether 是否 (如與or連用,則用)

I wonder whether he'll come or not.

weather 天氣

What will the weather be   like tomorrow?


26.

include 動詞 包括

The list includes the names of many famous writers.

including   介詞

They have many pets, including three cats.


27.

invent 動詞 發明 Edison invented a lot of things.

invention 名詞 發明 The invention made much difference to humans.

inventor 名詞 發明者 Edison was a great inventor.


28.

last 上一個的 last year;

       最后的 make her last apperance

       動詞,持續 The meeting will last one and a half hours.

lasting 形,持久的 a lasting value


29.

lie 名詞,謊言 tell a lie

動詞,說謊 He is always lying to us.

動詞,位于Japan lies to the east of China.

動詞,躺,平放 He likes lying on the grass.

躺,平放;位于:lie—lay---lain

說謊:lie-lied-lied


30.

luck 名,運氣 good luck

lucky 形,幸運的a lucky number

luckily 副,幸運的是 Luckily, we got better marks.

unlucky/unluckily


31.

noise名,噪音   Don't make any noise.

noisy 形,吵鬧的 much too noisy

noisily 副,吵鬧地 talk noisily


32.

noise 噪音

sound 聲音 We sat listening to the sound of the waves

          聽起來 The music sounds beautiful.

voice 嗓音 The singer has a sweet voice.


33.

provide 提供

provide a chance for the boy=provide the boy with a chance

offer 提供

offer a chance to the boy=offer the boy a chance


34.

other 別的 ,加名詞 other students

another 另一個 I don't like the pair of shoes, would you like to show me another pair?

the other 兩個中的另一個,常用one…the other Here is a shoe, where's the other one?

others= other+名詞


35.

over/ under 年齡的上下

above/ below 溫度,樓層的上下


36.

peace 名詞,和平 love peace

peaceful 形,寧靜的 a peaceful village

peacefully 副,和平地

we hope to solve the problem peacefully.


37.

pleasure 名,樂意。

對方請求幫助—With pleasure.

幫助后對方感謝—My pleasure./ It's my pleasure.

pleasant 形, 修飾物 a pleasant trip

pleased 形,修飾人 I am pleased with the robot.


38.

pollute 動,污染 The water will be polluted if you do that.

polluted 形,被污染的 Our planet is becoming more and more polluted and crowded.

pollution 名,污染 noise pollution


39.

quiet 安靜的 keep quiet

quite 相當 quite quiet


40.

receive 收到

accept 接受

I received a valuable gift but I didn't accept it because of its value.


41.

realize 實現,主語為人

I am sure you will realize your dream.

come true 實現,主語為物

I hope your dream will come true.


42.

raise 升起,及物動詞,后面必須跟賓語 raise your hand/ raise the national flag( raise—raised—raised)

rise 不及物動詞,后面不可以跟賓語 the sun rises, the price rises, the water level rises( rise—rose---risen)


43.

sad 形,悲傷的 too   sad to say a word

sadness 名 ,悲傷 share your joy and sadness

sadly   副,遺憾的是 Sadly, few people were saved.


44.

safe   形,安全的 a safe place

safety   名,安全 Safety comes first.

safely   副,安全地 The plane landed safely.

save   動,挽救 save money, save his life


45.

satisfied 形,滿意的

I am not satisfied with the machine at all.

satisfy 動,滿足 satisfy your need


46.

search 搜索(范圍)

search for (目標)The police are searching the city for the murderer.


47.

serve 動,服務 serve the old couple politely

service 名 I will never forget its good service./ be in service


48.

smile 名,微笑 wear a big smile on her face

         動   smile at me kindly

smiling 形,微笑的

Her smiling eyes make her loved by all the people.


49.  

succeed 動,成功  

At last, he succeeded in winning the first prize.

success   名,成功

It turned out that her speech was a big success.

successful   形,成功的

I'm sure that you'll be successful.

successfully   副,成功地

At last, he won the first prize successfully.


50.

take 花費(時間),主語是物

How long does it take you to fly to Chengdu?

spend 花費時間或金錢,主語為人

He spent 10,000 yuan on the bike.

cost 花費金錢,主語為物

The flat cost me 1,000,000 yuan.

pay 花費金錢,主語為人

They pay 100 yuan for the shoes.


51.

though 雖然I take my medicine, though I do not like it.

thought 想的過去式 I've thought about it for some time.

想法 Her thought isn't the same as mine.

through (從空間)通過the light shines through the sharp teeth


52.

wide 形,寬的 The river is 300 metres wide.

        副,充分地 open his eyes wide

widely 副,廣泛地 English is widely used all over the world.


53.

hope 希望

hope to do;實現的可能性大;不可用hope sb. to do, 可改用hope 從句結構 I hope to go to college.

My father hopes that I can go to college.

wish 希望

可用wish sb. to do;實現的可能性不大,所以從句用虛擬語氣I wish I could get rid of the habit of smoking.


54.

worry 名, 擔憂 share your worries with me

         動,擔憂 Don't worry about your exams.

worried 形,擔心的 I am so worried about his health that I can't sleep well.


55.

have sb. do sth.讓某人做某事,類似于make sb. do

Will you like to have him call you back ?

have sth done 請人做

Her father had the book punished.

have sth to do 有……要做  

I have too much homework to do today.

have done sth 做了某事

I have finished all my homework now.

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